Tick-borne encephalitis virus (Tbev) infection in two horses

Theresa Maria Conze, Zoltán Bagó, Sandra Revilla-Fernández, Jürgen Schlegel, Lutz S. Goehring, Kaspar Matiasek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


A final diagnosis in a horse with clinical signs of encephalopathy can be challenging despite the use of extensive diagnostics. Clinical signs are often not pathognomonic and need to be interpreted in combination with (specific) laboratory results and epidemiological data of the geographical region of the origin of the case(s). Here we describe the diagnostic pathway of tick-borne encephalitis virus infection in two horses using established molecular diagnostic methods and a novel in situ hybridization technique to differentiate between regionally important/emerging diseases for central Europe: (i) hepatoencephalopathy, (ii) Borna disease virus, and (iii) West Nile virus infections.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1775
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Borna disease virus (BoDV)
  • Clinical case
  • Encephalopathy
  • In situ hybridization
  • West Nile virus (WNV)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology


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