Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective neuromodulatory therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD). Early studies using globus pallidus internus (GPi) DBS for PD profiled the nucleus as having two functional zones. This concept disseminated throughout the neuromodulation community as the 'GPi triangle'. Although our understanding of the pallidum has greatly evolved over the past 20 years, we continue to reference the triangle in our clinical decision-making process. We propose a new direction, termed the spatial boundary hypothesis, to build upon the 2-dimensional outlook on GPi DBS. We believe an updated 3-D GPi model can produce more consistent, positive patient outcomes.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Parkinson's Disease|
|State||Published - 2021|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021 - The authors. Published by IOS Press.
- Deep brain stimulation
- Parkinson's disease
- globus pallidus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience