Objective: We aim to study outcomes in liver transplant recipients with body mass index (BMI) ≥50 using the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) database. Methods: We reviewed patients undergoing liver transplantation recorded in the UNOS database from 1988 to 2013. Of 104,250 liver transplant procedures, 123 were performed on super obese patients. Results: Sixty-four percent of the super obese patients are female (64 %) and had a mean age 47 years (20–71). The mean BMI was 53.5 (50–72.86) and 16 % had diabetes. The mean Model for End-Stage Disease (MELD) score at transplant was 29.1 (6–53). It was found that BMI ≥50 increased 1.6-fold the risk of death within 30 days after liver transplantation. Graft failure was increased by 52 % and overall mortality was by 62 %. A 1:1 propensity score-matched analysis demonstrated that patients with BMI <50 have significantly better graft and overall patient survival than the super obese. Conclusions: Overall, our data shows that BMI ≥50 is an independent predictor of perioperative mortality and graft and overall patient survival. Further studies are necessary to better understand predictors of outcomes in super obese patients.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2016|
- Liver transplantation
- Super obesity
ASJC Scopus subject areas