Tissue-specific expression of human lipoprotein lipase: Effect of the 3′-untranslated region on translation

Gouri Ranganathan, John M. Ong, Ada Yukht, Mehrnoosh Saghizadeh, Rosa B. Simsolo, Andrea Pauer, Philip A. Kern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a central enzyme in lipoprotein metabolism and is expressed predominantly in adipose tissue and muscle. In these tissues, the regulation of LPL is complex and often opposite in response to the same physiologic stimulus. In addition, much regulation of LPL occurs post-transcriptionally. The human LPL cDNA is characterized by a long 3′-untranslated region, which has two polyadenylation signals. In this report, human adipose tissue expressed two LPL mRNA species (3.2 and 3.6 kb) due to an apparent random choice of sites for mRNA polyadenylation, whereas human skeletal and heart muscle expressed predominantly the longer 3.6-kb mRNA form. To determine whether there was any functional significance to this tissue-specific mRNA expression, poly(A)-enriched RNA from adipose tissue and muscle were translated in vitro, and the poly(A)-enriched RNA from muscle was more efficiently translated into LPL protein. The increased translatability of the 3.6-kb form was also demonstrated by cloning the full-length 3.2- and 3.6-kb LPL cDNA forms, followed by in vitro translation of in vitro prepared transcripts. To confirm that this increased efficiency of translation occurred in vivo, Chinese hamster ovary cells were transfected with the 3.2- and 3.6-kb LPL cDNAs. Cells transfected with the 3.6-kb construct demonstrated increased LPL activity and synthesis, despite no increase in levels of LPL mRNA. Thus, human muscle expresses the 3.6-kb form of LPL due to a non-random choice of polyadenylation signals, and this form is more efficiently translated than the 3.2-kb form.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7149-7155
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume270
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 31 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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