Titanium oxide nanotube arrays prepared by anodic oxidation

Dawei Gong, Craig A. Grimes, Oomman K. Varghese, Wenchong Hu, R. S. Singh, Zhi Chen, Elizabeth C. Dickey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2068 Scopus citations


Titanium oxide nanotubes were fabricated by anodic oxidation of a pure titanium sheet in an aqueous solution containing 0.5 to 3.5 wt% hydrofluoric acid. These tubes are well aligned and organized into high-density uniform arrays. While the tops of the tubes are open, the bottoms of the tubes are closed, forming a barrier layer structure similar to that of porous alumina. The average tube diameter, ranging in size from 25 to 65 nm, was found to increase with increasing anodizing voltage, while the length of the tube was found independent of anodization time. A possible growth mechanism is presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3331-3334
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2001

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Science Foundation under Contract Nos. ECS-9988598 and NSF DMR-9976851.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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