To misfold or to lose structure? Detection and degradation of oxidized proteins by the 20S proteasome

Jasmina Kurepa, Jan A. Smalle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aggregation of proteins damaged by stress is often a causal factor of cell death. To prevent aggregation, eukaryotic cells rapidly degrade damaged proteins by engaging two types of proteasomes. The first type is the 26S proteasome (26SP) which is composed of a cylindrical proteolytic core - the 20S proteasome (20SP) - and one or two regulatory particles (RPs) that interact with ubiquitinated proteins. The second type is the free 20SP which mediates ubiquitin-independent proteolysis. We have recendy shown that loss of RP function in Arabidopsis leads to an expected decrease in 26SP-dependent protein degradation and hypersensitivity to stresses that induce protein misfolding. Surprisingly, RP mutants have increased 20SP activity and tolerance to oxidative stress. This finding suggests that misfolded proteins carry one type of degradation signal that steers them to ubiquitination enzymes and the 26SP, while oxidatively damaged proteins carry another that guides them direcdy to the 20SP for degradation. Here we suggest that protein oxidation induces the formation of unstructured regions that serve as targeting signals for 20SP-dependent proteolysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-388
Number of pages3
JournalPlant Signaling and Behavior
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008

Keywords

  • 20S proteasome
  • Misfolded proteins
  • Oxidized proteins
  • Ubiquitin-independent proteolysis
  • Unstructured regions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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