Tobacco-cessation interventions and attributes of individual and organizational excellence in acute care

Janie Heath, Karen M. Butler, Joel G. Anderson, Sarah Craig, Claudia Barone, Jeannette O. Andrews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background Despite years of reducing tobacco use, few studies describe to what extent evidence-based tobaccocessation interventions are a standard of acute and critical care nursing practice using the US Public Health Service 5 A's framework: ask, advise, assess, assist, and arrange. Objectives To identify relationships between the 5 A's framework, attributes of individual and organizational excellence, and intention to integrate tobacco-cessation interventions as a standard of daily practice among nurses. Methods Nurses attending the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses National Teaching Institute were invited to complete a 21-item survey. Data were gathered in Boston, Orlando, and Chicago in a 3-year period. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were used for data analysis. Results Among 1773 completed surveys, nurses from organizations with standing orders for tobacco dependence were 5 times more likely to have high confidence in their 5 A's skills (odds ratio, 5.037; 95% CI, 3.429-7.400; P < .001) and 3.4 times more likely to have high intentions to integrate tobacco cessation into their daily practice (odds ratio, 3.421; 95% CI, 1.765-6.628; P < .001). Nurses with certifications were more likely to want to learn how to integrate tobacco-cessation interventions (odds ratio, 1.676; 95% CI, 0.990-2.836; P = .05). Conclusions Opportunities abound to create strategies leveraging attributes of nursing and organizational excellence to promote evidence-based approaches to improve health outcomes in acutely and critically ill tobaccodependent populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-61
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Critical Care
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Association of Critical-Care Nurses.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care


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