Tobacco use and mental health disparities in LGB youth

Amie Goodin, Keisa Fallin-Bennett, Elizabeth Anderson-Hoagland, Amanda Fallin-Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: In 2019, the Youth Risk Behavioral Survey (YRBS) collected sexual orientation data for the first time in Kentucky. Tobacco use behaviors and mental health status among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual (LGB) youth is infrequently documented in southern states such as Kentucky. This study aimed to analyze self-reported tobacco use and mental health in youth by sexual orientation. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Sample: All participants, aged 12–19, of the 2019 Kentucky YRBS that indicated a sexual orientation. Measurements: Differences in response distributions for tobacco use and mental health measures were analyzed via chi square by sexual orientation, with additional stratification by sex. Results: A total of n = 1996 respondents were 12.8% LGB-identified and 82.1% heterosexual-identified. No disparities between LGB and heterosexual youth were observed in tobacco-related behaviors for male students, but disparities were persistent for female students (p =.005 for "tried tobacco before age 13"; p =.007 for "current smoking", p =.012 for "ever smoked"). Mental health disparities between LGB and heterosexual youth were significant for males and females (p <.05, all mental health measures). Conclusions: Findings suggest that tobacco disparities in this most recent data are narrower than in previous years; however, mental health disparities persist between LGB and heterosexual youth in Kentucky.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)659-663
Number of pages5
JournalPublic Health Nursing
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank and acknowledge the Kentucky Department of Education and Department of Public Health for providing access and permission to use the 2019 YRBS data described herein. This research was funded and supported by a contract and research agreement with the Kentucky Department of Public Health.

Funding Information:
We would like to thank and acknowledge the Kentucky Department of Education and Department of Public Health for providing access and permission to use the 2019 YRBS data described herein. This research was funded and supported by a contract and research agreement with the Kentucky Department of Public Health.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

Keywords

  • LGB mental health
  • LGB youth
  • sexual orientation health disparities
  • tobacco use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing (all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Tobacco use and mental health disparities in LGB youth'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this