In the current model for Glc3Man9GlcNAc2-P-P-Dol assembly, Man5GlcNAc2-P-P-Dol, Man-P-Dol, and Glc-P-Dol are synthesized on the cytoplasmic face of the ER and diffuse transversely to the lumenal leaflet where the synthesis of the lipid-bound precursor oligosaccharide is completed. To establish the topological sites of Glc-P-Dol synthesis and the lipid-mediated glucosyltransfer reactions involved in Glc3Man9GlcNAc2-P-P-Dol synthesis in ER vesicles from pig brain, the trypsin-sensitivity of Glc-P-Dol synthase activity and the Glc-P-Dol:Glc0-2Man9GlcNAc2-P-P-Dol glucosyltransferases (GlcTases) was examined in sealed microsomal vesicles. Since ER vesicles from brain do not contain glucose 6-phosphate (Glc 6-P phosphatase activity, the latency of the lumenally oriented, processing glucosidase I/II activities was used to assess the intactness of the vesicle preparations. Comparative enzymatic studies with sealed ER vesicles from brain and kidney, a tissue that contains Glc 6-P phosphatase, demonstrate the reliability of using the processing glucosidase activities as latency markers for topological studies with microsomal vesicles from non-gluconeogenic tissues lacking Glc 6-P phosphatase. The results obtained from the trypsin-sensitivity assays with sealed microsomal vesicles from brain are consistent with a topological model in which Glc-P-Dol is synthesized on the cytoplasmic face of the ER, and subsequently utilized by the three Glc-P-Dol-mediated GlcTases after 'flip-flopping' to the lumenal monolayer.
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 1998|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Austin Cantor, Mike Ford, and Jim May (Department of Animal Science, University of Kentucky) for providing the hen oviducts and pig brains used in these studies. This work was supported by NIH Grant GM36065 awarded to C.J.W.
- Glc-P-Dol synthesis
- Microsomal vesicles
ASJC Scopus subject areas