Total maximum daily load (TMDL) approach to surface water quality management: Concepts, issues, and applications

Amin Elshorbagy, Ramesh S.V. Teegavarapu, Lindell Ormsbee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The total maximum daily load (TMDL) approach is an emerging paradigm in surface water quality management and has been adopted and applied in many states in the US. The paper explains the conceptual development of the general TMDL process for surface water quality management of three water quality impairment constituents, namely, nutrients, pathogens, and acid load. The application of the TMDL approach to a stream impaired due to high acidic concentrations from mine drainage in southeastern Kentucky is explained and used to demonstrate the complete development of the TMDL process. The paper highlights a number of issues, ranging from assessment of pollution-causing sources to development of practical methods for implementation of TMDLs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)442-448
Number of pages7
JournalCanadian Journal of Civil Engineering
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2005

Keywords

  • Nutrients
  • Pathogen and pH impairment
  • TMDL implementation
  • Total maximum daily loads (TMDLs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Environmental Science (all)

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