Toward a Typology of Acculturative Stress: Results Among Hispanic Immigrants in the United States

Christopher P. Salas-Wright, Eden H. Robles, Michael G. Vaughn, David Córdova, Rafael E. Pérez-Figueroa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


The objective of this study is to identify latent classes of Hispanic immigrants on the basis of acculturative stress and, in turn, examine the links between membership in acculturative stress classes and the prevalence of mental disorders. We use latent class analysis (LCA) and multinomial logistic regression with data from a population-based study of Hispanic immigrants in the United States (n = 1,630). Classes were identified as “Low Acculturative Stress” (38.40%); “Social and Linguistic Stress” (32.27%); “Acculturative Stress, No Fear of Deportation” (20.06%); and “Acculturative Stress, Fear of Deportation” (9.26%). Members of the “Acculturative Stress, Fear of Deportation” class were significantly more likely than members of the “Low Acculturative Stress” class to meet criteria for generalized anxiety disorder (risk ratios [RR] = 3.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.00, 12.56]). The present study represents an important step in the development of a typology of acculturative stress among Hispanic immigrants in the United States.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-242
Number of pages20
JournalHispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 9 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was supported in part by Grants R25 DA026401 (PI: Valdez) and R25 DA030310 (PI: Anthony) from the National Institute on Drug Abuse at the National Institutes of Health. Support was also received from the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities Loan Repayment Program (1L60MD006269-01).

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2015


  • Hispanic Americans
  • acculturation
  • acculturative stress
  • clinical disorders
  • immigrant
  • personality disorders
  • substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology
  • Linguistics and Language


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