Towards resilient adaptive origami-inspired diagrid building envelope

Amanda Bellamy, Jonathan Boustani, Christoph Brehm, Mariantonieta Gutierrez Soto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Natural disasters, such as hurricanes, cyclones, and other high-speed windstorm events, pose a threat to the built environment. The damage of the nonstructural components due to high winds, flooding, hurricane surge and rainwater intrusion surrounding a building structure such as the facade accounts for the majority of the financial loss. The increased interest in the sustainable design of buildings gives forward to the development of creative low energy alternatives for the adaptive facade. This paper studies five facade configurations subjected to wind loading. An adaptive diagrid facade (ADF) is modeled using a panel system of four equilateral triangles: one panel is actuated at the nodes using linear actuators and controls the other three panels in the system. The proposed ADF can be adapted to fit various building heights and shapes and can be chosen due to their structural efficiency that results in material savings and flexibility in designing of complex buildings. This paper makes advances towards an adaptive origami-inspired diagrid facade has the potential to redistribute wind loads in real-time. With sustainable design becoming an important factor in design, low energy options for the adaptive facades were considered. This research performs computational fluid dynamic analysis of five threedimensional building structures: a conventional regular building structure, a diagrid building structure without corner columns, and three origami-inspired facade configurations on diagrid building structures. The purpose of this study is to understand effects of the different building envelope geometries on the fluid dynamics and explore the potential use in optimal shape configuration for real-time morphing adaptation of high-rise buildings subjected to extreme wind loading.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationActive and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems XII
EditorsAlper Erturk
ISBN (Electronic)9781510625891
StatePublished - 2019
EventActive and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems XII 2019 - Denver, United States
Duration: Mar 4 2019Mar 7 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceActive and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems XII 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Copyright SPIE.


  • adaptive
  • building envelope
  • morphing
  • origami
  • smart structures
  • wind

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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