Toxic encephalopathy due to 1,1,1‐trichloroethane exposure

Geoffrey A. Kelafant, Richard A. Berg, Randal Schleenbaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Twenty‐eight workers with long‐term repetitive high exposures to 1,1,1‐trichloroethane were evaluated for complaints of short‐term memory loss, disequilibrium, moodiness, irritability, and decreased ability to concentrate. As a group, they had significant deficits in memory, intermediate memory, rhythm, and speed as measured by the Luria‐Ne‐braska Neuropsychological Battery. Platform posturography demonstrated deficits in vestibular, somatosensory, and ocular components of balance. The encephalopathic picture in these patients is similar to what has been described after exposure to other solvents. © 1994 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-446
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1994


  • chloroform
  • encephalopathy
  • neurobehavioral deficits
  • neuropsychological testing
  • platform posturography
  • solvent exposures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Toxic encephalopathy due to 1,1,1‐trichloroethane exposure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this