Transcranial brain stimulation to treat aphasia: A clinical perspective

Julius Fridriksson, H. Isabel Hubbard, Sarah Grace Hudspeth

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transcranial brain stimulation was first introduced and described during mid-1900s. Since that time, the literature on brain stimulation has expanded with spurious advances in techniques and applications, from its use as a purely investigative tool used to better understand brain mechanisms to its use as a clinical treatment for neurologic diseases. This article offers a brief overview of the development, history, and mechanisms of transcranial brain stimulation, as well as an in-depth discussion of transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation; two methods currently being investigated as treatments for aphasia. Our aim is to provide speech-language pathologists with an overview of the current state of literature on transcranial brain stimulation, as initial findings show it may be a promising new tool for aphasia rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-202
Number of pages15
JournalSeminars in Speech and Language
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • aphasia
  • Brain stimulation
  • transcranial direct current stimulation
  • transcranial magnetic stimulation
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • LPN and LVN
  • Speech and Hearing

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