Transcultural and psychometric validation of the Dispositional Resilience Scale (DRS-15) in Chinese adult women

Janet Yuen Ha Wong, Daniel Yee Tak Fong, Anna Wai Man Choi, Claudia Kor Yee Chan, Agnes Tiwari, Ko Ling Chan, Vincent Lai, T. K. Logan, Paul Bartone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Purpose: The aim of this study was to report translation and transcultural adaptation of the 15-item Dispositional Resilience Scale in traditional Chinese (C-DRS-15) and evaluate its psychometric properties.

Methods: The DRS is a self-report instrument that measures psychological hardiness. We followed an international standard of cross-cultural translation and validation of patient-reported outcome measures to create the Chinese version. Then, the translated C-DRS-15 was validated on 542 Chinese women from a population-based sample in Hong Kong.

Results: The internal consistency and criterion-related validity were investigated. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the C-DRS-15 was supported by a modified three-factor structure in our Chinese sample (RMSEA = .06, CFI = .94, TLI = .92, and SRMR = .06). The reliability (Cronbach’s α coefficient = .78) and validity were satisfactory. Total resilience score was negatively correlated with depression (p < .001), with non-depressed women scoring higher on the C-DRS-15.

Conclusions: The C-DRS-15 was demonstrated to be a reliable and valid measurement to assess hardiness in Chinese women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2489-2494
Number of pages6
JournalQuality of Life Research
Issue number9
StatePublished - Oct 7 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.


  • Chinese
  • Hardiness
  • Psychological health
  • Psychometric validation
  • Resilience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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