Christopher A. Pool, Michael L. Loughlin, Ponciano Ortiz Ceballos

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


In 1943, Matthew Stirling (1943:72) once opined, Izapa appears to be much more closely related to the earth-mound sites of southern Veracruz.. than it does with sites in the Maya area. Since then, scholars have postulated ties of varying strength between Late Formative polities on either side of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Ceramic similarities have been noted between southern Chiapas and the Gulf Coast, but discussion of Late Formative transisthmian interaction has focused primarily on sculptural similarities between Izapa and sites of the lower Papaloapan basin, including Tres Zapotes, El Mesón, and Alvarado. Indeed, Michael Coe (1965b:773) suggested that the Izapan art style may have originated on the Gulf Coast rather than on the Pacific slope. In this article, we reexamine Late Formative interaction between Izapa and Epi-Olmec polities with an expanded data set based on recent iconographic studies and archaeological investigations in and around Tres Zapotes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-437
Number of pages25
JournalAncient Mesoamerica
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Robert Rosenswig and Julia Guernsey for inviting us to present an earlier version of this paper in their symposium at the 2015 Society for American Anthropology meetings and to contribute to this special issue. Our work at Tres Zapotes and El Mesón was conducted with the permission of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia and was supported financially by the National Science Foundation (grant numbers BCS-0242555 and BCS-1261514), the Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, Inc., and the University of Kentucky.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Cambridge University Press.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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