Transport of orally delivered dsRNA in southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula

Dhandapani Gurusamy, Jeffrey L. Howell, Shankar C.R.R. Chereddy, Jinmo Koo, Subba Reddy Palli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The southern green stink bug (SGSB, Nezara viridula) is an emerging polyphagous pest in many regions of the world. RNA interference (RNAi) is a valuable method for understanding gene function and holds great potential for pest management. However, RNAi efficiency is variable among insects and the differences in transport of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) are one of the major factors that contribute to this variability. In this study, Cy3 labeled dsRNA was used to track the transport of dsRNA in SGSB tissues. Cy3_dsRNA was detected in the hemocytes, fat body (FB), epidermis, and midgut tissues at 24–72 hr after injection. Orally delivered Cy3_dsRNA or Cypher-5E labeled dsRNA was mostly detected in the midgut and a few signals were detected in parts of the FB and epidermis. Both injected and fed Cy3_dsRNA showed stronger signals in SGSB tissues when compared to Cy3_siRNA (small interfering RNA) or Cy3_shRNA (short hairpin RNA). dsRNA targeting the gene for a vacuolar-sorting protein, SNF7, induced higher knockdown of the target gene and greater SGSB mortality compared to siRNA or shRNA targeting this gene. 32P-labeled dsRNA injected into SGSB was processed into siRNA, but fed 32P-labeled dsRNA was not efficiently processed into siRNA. These data suggest that transport of orally delivered dsRNA across the midgut epithelium is not efficient in SGSB which may contribute to variable RNAi efficiency. Targeting genes expressed in the midgut rather than other tissues and using dsRNA instead of siRNA or shRNA would be more effective for RNAi-mediated control of this pest.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere21692
JournalArchives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
Volume104
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLC

Keywords

  • RNAi
  • SGSB
  • dsRNA
  • shRNA
  • siRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Insect Science

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