OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine if clopidogrel treatment initiated before coronary stenting improved clinical outcomes among patients receiving aspirin and a glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitor. BACKGROUND: Antiplatelet therapy plays a pivotal role in contemporary percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). METHODS: Outcomes among 4,809 patients randomized to tirofiban or abciximab during PCI with stent placement were compared according to whether they received 300 mg of clopidogrel before PCI (93.1%) versus immediately after the procedure. RESULTS: The 30-day primary composite end point (death, myocardial infarction [MI], or urgent target vessel revascularization [TVR]) was lower among clopidogrel-pretreated patients (6.6% vs. 10.4%, p = 0.009), mainly because of reduction of MI (6.0% vs. 9.5%, p = 0.012). The benefit of clopidogrel pretreatment was sustained at six months (death, MI, any TVR: 14.6% vs. 19.8%, HR = 0.71, p = 0.010), and this was due mainly to lowering of death and MI (7.8% vs. 13.0%, p = 0.001). At one year, clopidogrel pretreatment was associated with a lower mortality rate (1.7% vs. 3.6%, p = 0.011). Because clopidogrel pretreatment was not randomized, multivariable and propensity analyses were performed. After adjusting for baseline heterogeneity, clopidogrel pretreatment was an independent predictor for death or MI at 30 days (HR = 0.63, p = 0.012) and at six months (HR = 0.61, p = 0.003), and survival at one year (HR = 0.53, p = 0.044). No excess in 30-day bleeding events was noted with clopidogrel pretreatment. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients undergoing coronary stent placement with aspirin and a GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor, clopidogrel pretreatment is associated with a reduction of death and MI irrespective of the type of GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor used.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of the American College of Cardiology|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2003|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The TARGET study was supported by Merck, Inc., West Point, Pennsylvania. Dr. DiBattiste is an employee of Merck.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine