TRPS1 expression in primary and metastatic prostatic adenocarcinoma, muscle invasive bladder urothelial carcinoma, and breast carcinoma: Is TRPS1 truly specific and sensitive for a breast primary?

S. Emily Bachert, Jing Di, Shengyi Zhang, Heather E. Short, Dava W. Piecoro, Robert J. McDonald, Zin W. Myint, Patrick J. Hensley, Derek B. Allison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Trichorhinophalangeal syndrome type 1 (TRPS1) has been reported to be a sensitive and specific immunohistochemical (IHC) marker for breast carcinomas, especially when determining primary site of origin. However, there is limited data on TRPS1 expression in prostate and bladder cancers. A two-phase study was performed with 1) an exploratory cohort analyzing TRPS1 gene alterations in prostate, bladder, and breast carcinoma and TPRS1 mRNA expression data in prostate and bladder carcinoma; and 2) TRPS1 and GATA3 IHC in a confirmatory cohort in prostate, bladder, and breast carcinoma samples. Gene alterations were identified in a subset of breast, bladder, and prostate carcinomas and mRNA was consistently detected. In the IHC cohort, 183/210 (87.1 %) of breast, 22/69 (31.9 %) of prostate, and 20/73 (27.4 %) of urothelial carcinomas showed staining with TRPS1. Intermediate to high expression of TRPS1 was observed in 173/210 (82.8 %) of breast, 17/69 (24.6 %) of prostate, and 15/73 (20.5 %) of urothelial carcinomas. Furthermore, in prostate cancer, 26.9 % of pelvic lymph node metastases and 50 % in sites of distant metastases showed expression. Increased TRPS1 mRNA expression (p = 0.032) and IHC expression (p = 0.040) correlated with worse overall survival in bladder cancer. By comparison, GATA3 IHC stained 136/210 (64.8 %) of breast, 0/69 (0 %) of prostate, and 63/73 (93 %) of bladder carcinomas. Intermediate to high expression of GATA3 was seen in 131/210 (62.4 %) of breast and 63/73 (93 %) of bladder carcinomas. This study shows there is significant staining of TRPS1 in bladder and prostate cancers. As a result, comprehensive studies are needed to establish the true specificity of TRPS1 IHC stain across various tumor types before its widespread clinical adoption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-49
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Pathology
Volume143
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • Breast carcinoma
  • GATA3
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Prostate carcinoma
  • TRPS1
  • Triple-negative breast carcinoma
  • Urothelial carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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