Tumor vascular microenvironment determines responsiveness to photodynamic therapy

Amanda L. Maas, Shirron L. Carter, E. Paul Wiley, Joann Miller, Min Yuan, Guoqiang Yu, Amy C. Durham, Theresa M. Busch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

The efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) depends upon the delivery of both photosensitizing drug and oxygen. In this study, we hypothesized that local vascular microenvironment is a determinant of tumor response to PDT. Tumor vascularization and its basement membrane (collagen) were studied as a function of supplementation with basement membrane matrix (Matrigel) at the time of tumor cell inoculation. Effects on vascular composition with consequences to tumor hypoxia, photosensitizer uptake, and PDT response were measured. Matrigel-supplemented tumors developed more normalized vasculature, composed of smaller and more uniformly spaced blood vessels than their unsupplemented counterparts, but these changes did not affect tumor oxygenation or PDT-mediated direct cytotoxicity. However, PDT-induced vascular damage increased in Matrigel-supplemented tumors, following an affinity of the photosensitizer Photofrin for collagen-containing vascular basement membrane coupled with increased collagen content in these tumors. The more highly collagenated tumors showed more vascular congestion and ischemia after PDT, along with a higher probability of curative outcome that was collagen dependent. In the presence of photosensitizer-collagen localization, PDT effects on collagen were evidenced by a decrease in its association with vessels. Together, our findings show that photosensitizer localization to collagen increases vascular damage and improves treatment efficacy in tumors with greater collagen content. The vascular basement membrane is thus identified to be a determinant of therapeutic outcome in PDT of tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2079-2088
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Research
Volume72
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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