Two-point time-series measurements of hydroxyl concentration in a turbulent nonpremixed flame

Jiayao Zhang, Galen B. King, Normand M. Laurendeau, Michael W. Renfro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Quantitative two-point hydroxyl time-series measurements have been performed in a turbulent nonpremixed flame by using two-point picosecond time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence. The current diagnostic system has been improved from its preliminary version to address optical aberrations and fluorescence lifetime fluctuations. In particular, with a newly designed collection system, the aberrationlimited blur spot is reduced from 6 mm to 180 μm. Additional photon-counting channels enable the recovery of absolute OH concentrations through a triple-bin integration method. The present research represents what we believe to be the first application of this two-point technique to turbulent flames. Two independent schemes have been applied to remove uncorrelated noise in the derived two-point statistics. We show that optical aberrations can have a significant effect on space-time correlations. However, the sampling rate and fluctuations in the fluorescence lifetime barely affect the spatial autocorrelation function and thus the integral length scale. Such length scales for hydroxyl are found to rise linearly with increasing axial distance at peak [OH] locations. Along the jet centerline, the integral length scale varies slightly below the flame tip but increases rapidly above the flame tip. In addition, the OH length scale demonstrates the same trend as the OH time scale along the jet centerline, but the opposite trend at peak [OH] locations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5742-5754
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Optics
Issue number23
StatePublished - Aug 10 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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