To address the mechanisms that underlie splice site selection and splice site partner assignment, we analyzed the splicing of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) transcripts containing splice site region duplications. When the 5'-splice site region was duplicated, both sites were utilized to the same extent, indicating little or no influence of proximity on 5'-splice site choice. However, the effect of a 5'-mutant site was greatly enhanced by the presence of an adjacent wild-type site, and this effect was reversed by the restoration of base-pairing with U1 snRNA. 3'-Splice site choice was apparently influenced by proximity, as the site closest to the 5'-splice site was greatly preferred. Studies with strains carrying some U1 snRNA mutations showed an increase in the use of the distal 3'-splice site, indicating a role for U1 snRNP in 3'-splice site selection. The data are compared with those from mammalian splice site choice experiments and suggest mechanisms that influence differential splice site choice as well as exon skipping.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Genes and Development|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology