U74389G prevents vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage in dogs

R. Loch Macdonald, Mohammed Bassiouny, Lydia Johns, Michael Sajdak, Linda S. Marton, Bryce K. Weir, Edward D. Hall, Paula K. Andrus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: Oxygen-derived free radicals may contribute to vasospasm after the rupture of an intracranial aneurysm through direct vasoconstricting effects occurring within the arterial wall or, secondarily, by causing lipid peroxidation in the subarachnoid erythrocytes with secondary induction of vasoconstriction. U74389G is a potent inhibitor of lipid peroxidation and a scavenger of oxygen-derived free radicals. This study determined the relative contributions of oxygen-derived free radicals and lipid peroxidation to vasospasm in the double-hemorrhage dog model. METHODS: Sixteen dogs underwent baseline (Day 0) cerebral angiography and induction of subarachnoid hemorrhage by two injections of blood into the cisterna magna 2 days apart. They were randomized to receive drug vehicle (n = 8) or U74389G (n = 8, 3 mg/kg of body weight/d) intravenously. Drug administration and end point analysis were blinded. The end points were angiographic vasospasm, as assessed by comparison of angiograms obtained before and 7 days after subarachnoid hemorrhage, and the levels of malondialdehyde and salicylate hydroxylation products (dihydroxybenzoic acids) in cerebrospinal fluid and of malondialdehyde in subarachnoid blood clots and basilar arteries 7 days after hemorrhage. RESULTS: Comparisons within groups of Day 0 and Day 7 angiograms and between groups of angiograms obtained at Day 7, showed significant vasospasm in animals in the vehicle group (mean ± standard error, 51% ± 4) but not in the U74389G group (25% ± 11, P < 0.05, unpaired t test). High- pressure liquid chromatographic assays of malondialdehyde and dihydroxybenzoic acids in cerebrospinal fluid, subarachnoid blood clots, and basilar arteries showed no significant differences between groups. CONCLUSION: The significant prevention of vasospasm by U74389G without change in levels of indicators of free radical reactions suggests that the effect of the drug is related to other processes occurring in the arterial wall and that cerebrospinal fluid levels of oxygen radicals and lipid peroxides are not useful markers of vasospasm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1339-1346
Number of pages8
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1998


  • Free radical
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • Vasospasm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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