Ultrafine coal cleaning using selective hydrophobic coagulation

R. Q. Honaker, R. H. Yoon, G. H. Luttrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Studies have shown that ultrafine hydrophobic materials such as coal and graphite can be selectively coagulated and separated from hydrophilic impurities without using oily agglomerants, flocculants, or electrolytes. This process, which is referred to as Selective Hydrophobic Coagulation (SHC), has been used in laboratory tests to significantly reduce the ash and sulfur contents of several ultrafine, run-of-mine coal samples. The selective coagulation occurs at -potentials significantly higher than those predicted by the classical DLVO theory due to the presence of an attractive interaction energy between hydrophobic particles such as coal. To account for this additional attraction, the interaction energies for the coal-mineral system have been calculated using an extended DLVO theory that incorporates the hydrophobic interaction energy in addition to the traditional dispersion and the electrostatic energies. The results of these theoretical calculations correlate well with separation response obtained using the SHC process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-97
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Coal Preparation and Utilization
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005


  • DLVO theory
  • Hydrophobic interaction
  • Selective coagulation
  • Ultrafine coal cleaning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering


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