Understanding the benefits of school travel: An educator's perspective

David A. Cárdenas, Simon Hudson, Fang Meng, Pei Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Using a theoretical framework that incorporates Aristotle's three intellectual competencies (epistme, techne, and phronesis), this article examines the perceptions of educational travel from the administrators' perspective. A total of 336 elementary, middle, and high school principals from around the US participated in the study and thematic responses were analyzed from open-ended questions. Results indicate that educational field trips can have positive impacts on all three of Aristotle's intellectual competencies (practical knowledge, skills, and attitude/experience), and that the effects of educational travel are far reaching with substantive benefits for students of all grades.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-39
Number of pages11
JournalTourism Review International
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Cognizant, LLC.


  • Aristotle
  • Educational travel
  • School principles
  • School trips

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


Dive into the research topics of 'Understanding the benefits of school travel: An educator's perspective'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this