Unraveling the allosteric mechanisms of prolyl endopeptidases for celiac disease therapy: Insights from molecular dynamics simulations

Yongqiang Wang, Suting Xing, Xinyun Zhao, Xi Chen, Chang guo Zhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Prolyl endopeptidases (PEP) from Sphingomonas capsulata (sc) and Myxococcus xanthus (mx) selectively degrade gluten peptides in vitro, offering a potential therapeutic strategy for celiac disease. However, the mechanisms governing the interaction of these enzymes with their substrates remain unclear. In this study, conventional molecular dynamics simulations with a microsecond timescale and targeted molecular dynamics simulations were performed to investigate the native states of mxPEP and scPEP enzymes, as well as their allosteric binding with a representative substrate, namely, Z-Ala-Pro-p-nitroanilide (pNA). The simulations reveal that the native scPEP is in an open state, while the native mxPEP is in a closed state. When pNA approaches a closed mxPEP, it binds to an allosteric pocket located at the first and second β-sheet of the β-propeller domain, inducing the opening of this enzyme. Neither enzyme is active in the open or partly-open states. Enzymatic activity is enabled only when the catalytic pocket in the closed state fully accommodates the substrates. The internal capacity of the catalytic pocket of PEP in the closed state determines the maximum size of the gluten peptides that the enzymes can catalyze. The present work provides essential molecular dynamics information for the redesign or engineering of PEP enzymes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number129313
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Volume259
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Allosteric binding
  • Catalytic triad
  • Gluten peptides
  • Molecular dynamic simulation
  • Prolyl endopeptidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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