Upcycling of Plastic Waste

Mohd Aizzan Mistoh, Andrea Galassi, Taufiq Yap Yun Hin, Nancy Julius Siambun, Jurry Foo, Coswald Stephen Sipaut, Jeffrey Seay, Jidon Janaun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The usage of plastic has increased exponentially over the past few years. This has led to an accumulation of plastic wastes in landfills and continuous depletion of fossil fuel resources. Mechanical recycling has been used to compensate for this problem; however, it is not sufficient as the separation process is costly due to feedstock requirements; hence, most plastic waste still ends up in landfills. Recently, there has been interest in the production ofwaste plastic oil (WPO) from the pyrolysis of plastics which is high in calorific value. Further research has been done in this area to develop the WPO to replace commercial fuel such as diesel. This chapter focuses on providing background information on the pyrolysis of plastics including the operating parameters and WPO characteristics from single and mixed plastic wastes. In addition, information on the performance analysis of WPO and the current progress on appropriate technology (AT) pyrolysis reactors is also provided.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWaste Management, Processing and Valorisation
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9789811676536
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2022.


  • Appropriate technology (AT)
  • Fuel
  • Plastic wastes
  • Pyrolysis
  • Waste plastic oil (WPO)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all)


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