Update on the Basic Science Concepts and Applications of Adipose-Derived Stem Cells in Hand and Craniofacial Surgery

Evan B. Lynch, W. Matthew Anderson, Ryan C. Decoster, Alisha R. Bonaroti, Krishna S. Vyas, Debra A. Bourne, Henry C. Vasconez, Kant Y. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Summary: Adipose-derived stem cell therapy offers plastic surgeons a novel treatment alternative for conditions with few therapeutic options. Adipose-derived stem cells are a promising treatment because of their broad differentiation potential, capacity for self-renewal, and ease of isolation. Over the past decade, plastic surgeons have attempted to harness adipose-derived stem cells' unique cellular characteristics to improve the survival of traditional fat grafting procedures, a process known as cell-assisted lipotransfer. However, the full implications of cell-assisted lipotransfer in clinical practice remain incompletely understood, stressing the urgent need to assess the scientific evidence supporting adipose-derived stem cell-based interventions. Furthermore, with the strict regulatory climate surrounding tissue explantation therapies, reviewing the safety and efficacy of these treatments will clarify their regulatory viability moving forward. In this report, the authors provide a comprehensive, up-to-date appraisal of best evidence-based practices supporting adipose-derived stem cell-derived therapies, highlighting the known mechanisms behind current clinical applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine specific to plastic and reconstructive surgery. The authors outline best practices for the harvest and isolation of adipose-derived stem cells and discuss why procedure standardization will elucidate the scientific bases for their broad use. Finally, the authors discuss challenges posed by U.S. Food and Drug Administration oversight of these cell-based therapies and examine the role of adipose-derived stem cell-based applications in the future of plastic surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475E-486E
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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