Upgrading of lipids to fuel-like hydrocarbons and terminal olefins via decarbonylation/decarboxylation

Ryan Loe, Eduardo Santillan-Jimenez, Mark Crocker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Hydrogen is typically present in the reaction atmosphere, resulting in the hydrogenation of any double bonds including the terminal olefins produced via decarbonylation, which makes the liquid products resulting from decarbonylation and decarboxylation indistinguishable. Many of the drawbacks associated with biodiesel stem from the high oxygen content of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs), which can be higher than 10 wt% Therefore, research has aimed to develop processes that convert animal fats and plant oils to fuel-like hydrocarbons by removing the oxygen from these feeds via catalytic cracking, hydrodeoxygenation (HDO), or decarbonylation/decarboxylation (deCOx). This chapter focuses on the most salient work performed to date on the deCOx of lipids involving heterogeneous catalysts. It discusses the most abundant lipid feed sources, certain heterogeneous catalysts that support Group 10, including bimetallic formulations containing these metals. Developments to deCOx catalyst technology are promising.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChemical Catalysts for Biomass Upgrading
Number of pages32
ISBN (Electronic)9783527814794
StatePublished - Nov 27 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.


  • Decarboxylation
  • Fatty acid methyl esters
  • Fuel-like hydrocarbons
  • Heterogeneous catalysts
  • Hydrodeoxygenation
  • Terminal olefins
  • lipids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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