Use of flawed and ideal image pairs to drive filter creation by genetic programming

Subash Marri Sridhar, Henry G. Dietz, Paul S. Eberhart

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Traditional image enhancement techniques improve images by applying a series of filters, each of which repairs a specific type of flaw, but most modern digital cameras produce images with a variety of subtle interacting defects. Sequential repair is slow, and the interactions limit the effectiveness. This paper describes a fundamentally different approach in which a single filter is created to repair the potentially myriad interacting defects associated with a particular camera configuration and set of exposure parameters. Genetic programming (GP) is used to automatically evolve a filter algorithm that will convert flawed images into images minimally differing at the pixel level from the corresponding provided ideal images. For example, the flawed images might be shot at a high ISO and the ideal ones might be the exact same static scenes, aligned at the pixel level, but shot at a low ISO using appropriately longer exposure times. Just as easily, the flawed images might be technically wellcorrected, while the ideal ones were manually-edited to adjust and smooth skin tones, sharpen hair, enhance shadow regions, etc. The custom-coded parallel GP, its performance, and performance of the generated filters is discussed with an example.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIS and T International Symposium on Electronic Imaging Science and Technology
StatePublished - 2016
EventDigital Photography and Mobile Imaging XII 2016 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Feb 14 2016Feb 18 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Software
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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