Use of Mobile Apps for Self-care in People with Parkinson Disease: Systematic Review

Ju Hee Lee, Insun Yeom, Misook L. Chung, Yielin Kim, Subin Yoo, Eunyoung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background: Self-care is essential for people with Parkinson disease (PD) to minimize their disability and adapt to alterations in physical abilities due to this progressive neurodegenerative disorder. With rapid developments in mobile technology, many health-related mobile apps for PD have been developed and used. However, research on mobile app–based self-care in PD is insufficient. Objective: This study aimed to explore the features and characteristics of mobile apps for self-care in people with PD. Methods: This study was performed sequentially according to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) statement. PubMed, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and PsycINFO were searched in consultation with a librarian on June 8, 2021. We used keywords including”Parkinson disease” and”mobile.” Results: A total of 17 studies were selected based on the inclusion criteria, including 3 randomized controlled trials and 14 observational studies or quasi-experimental studies. The use of mobile apps for self-care in people with PD focused on symptom monitoring, especially motor symptoms. Motor symptoms were objectively measured mainly through the sensors of smartphones or wearable devices and task performance. Nonmotor symptoms were monitored through task performance or self-reported questionnaires in mobile apps. Most existing studies have focused on clinical symptom assessment in people with PD, and there is a lack of studies focusing on symptom management. Conclusions: Mobile apps for people with PD have been developed and used, but strategies for self-management are insufficient. We recommend the development of mobile apps focused on self-care that can enhance symptom management and health promotion practices. Studies should also evaluate the effects of mobile apps on symptom improvement and quality of life in people with PD.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere33944
JournalJMIR mHealth and uHealth
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
©JuHee Lee, Insun Yeom, Misook L Chung, Yielin Kim, Subin Yoo, Eunyoung Kim.


  • App
  • Care
  • Disability
  • Mobile apps
  • Mobile health
  • Mobile phone
  • Monitoring
  • Motor symptoms
  • Nonmotor symptoms
  • Parkinson disease
  • Quality of life
  • Review
  • Self-care
  • Self-management
  • Smartphone
  • Symptom
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics


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