Use of theory-driven report back to promote lung cancer risk reduction

Luz Huntington-Moskos, Mary Kay Rayens, Amanda T. Wiggins, Karen M. Butler, Ellen J. Hahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Report back is active sharing of research findings with participants to prompt behavior change. Research on theory-driven report back for environmental risk reduction is limited. The study aim is to evaluate the impact of a stage-tailored report back process with participants who had high home radon and/or air nicotine levels. An observational one-group pre-post design was used, with data collection at 3, 9, and 15 months post intervention. Participants from the parent study (N = 515) were randomized to the treatment or control group and this sample included all 87 treatment participants who: (1) had elevated radon and/or air nicotine at baseline; and (2) received stage-tailored report back of their values. Short-term test kits measured radon; passive airborne nicotine samplers assessed secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. Stage of action was categorized as: (1) ‘Unaware,’ (2) ‘Unengaged,’ (3) ‘Deciding,’ (4) ‘Action,’ and (5) ‘Maintenance.’ Interventions were provided for free, such as in-person radon and SHS test kits and a brief telephonic problem-solving consultation. Stage of action for radon mitigation and smoke-free policy increased from baseline to 3 months and remained stable between 3 and 9 months. Stage of action for radon was higher at 15 months than baseline. Among those with high baseline radon, observed radon decreased by 15 months (p < 0.001). Tailored report back of contaminant values reduced radon exposure and changed the health behavior necessary to remediate radon and SHS exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number648
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume18
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Environmental exposure
  • Information sharing
  • Risk reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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