Utilities for major stroke: Results from a survey of preferences among persons at increased risk for stroke

G. P. Samsa, D. B. Matchar, L. Goldstein, A. Bonito, P. W. Duncan, J. Lipscomb, C. Enarson, D. Witter, P. Venus, J. E. Paul, M. Weinberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Scopus citations


Background: Patient beliefs, values, and preferences are crucial to decisions involving health care. In a large sample of persons at increased risk for stroke, we examined attitudes toward hypothetical major stroke. Methods and Results: Respondents were obtained from the Academic Medical Center Consortium (n = 621), the Cardiovascular Health Study (n = 321), and United Health Care (n = 319). Preferences were primarily assessed by using the time trade off (TTO). Although major stroke is generally considered an undesirable event (mean TTO = 0.30), responses were varied: although 45% of respondents considered major stroke to be a worse outcome than death, 15% were willing to trade off little or no survival to avoid a major stroke. Conclusions: Providers should speak directly with patients about beliefs, values, and preferences. Stroke-related interventions, even those with a high price or less than dramatic clinical benefits, are likely to be cost- effective if they prevent an outcome (major stroke) that is so undesirable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703-713
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Issue number4 I
StatePublished - 1998

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was performed as part of the Stroke Prevention Patient Outcomes Research Team (PORT) and was funded through contract 282-91-0028 from the US Agency for Health Care Policy and Research.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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