Utility of Aminocyclopyrachlor for Control of Horsenettle (Solanum carolinense) and Tall Ironweed (Vernonia gigantea) in Cool-Season Grass Pastures

William P. Phillips, Trevor D. Israel, Thomas C. Mueller, Gregory R. Armel, Dennis R. West, Jonathan D. Green, G. Neil Rhodes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Because horsenettle and tall ironweed are difficult to control in cool-season grass pastures, research was conducted in Tennessee and Kentucky in 2010 and 2011 to examine the efficacy of aminocyclopyrachlor on these weeds. Aminocyclopyrachlor was evaluated at 49 and 98 g ai ha-1 alone and in mixtures with 2,4-D amine at 371 and 742 g ae ha-1. Aminopyralid was also included as a comparison treatment at 88 g ai ha-1. Treatments were applied at three POST timings to horsenettle and two POST timings to tall ironweed. By 1 yr after treatment (YAT) horsenettle was controlled 74% with aminocyclopyrachlor plus 2,4-D applied late POST (LPOST) at 98 + 742 g ha-1. By 1 YAT, tall ironweed was controlled ≥ 93% by aminocyclopyrachlor applied early POST (EPOST) or LPOST, at rates as low as 49 g ha-1. Similar control was achieved with aminopyralid applied LPOST. Both aminocyclopyrachlor and aminopyralid were found to reduce horsenettle and tall ironweed biomass the following year. Moreover, all LPOST applications of aminocyclopyrachlor alone or in mixtures with 2,4-D prevented regrowth of tall ironweed at 1 YAT. Based on these studies, a LPOST herbicide application in August or September when soil moisture is adequate is recommended for control of horsenettle and tall ironweed in cool-season grass pastures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)472-477
Number of pages6
JournalWeed Technology
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

Keywords

  • Auxin-mimic herbicides
  • bullnettle
  • hay fields
  • tall fescue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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