Vacuolar H+-ATPase is expressed in response to gibberellin during tomato seed germination

Michael B. Cooley, Hong Yang, Peetambar Dahal, R. Alejandra Mella, A. Bruce Downie, Anthony M. Haigh, Kent J. Bradford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Completion of germination (radicle emergence) by gibberellin (GA)-deficient (gib-1) mutant tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) seeds is dependent upon exogenous GA, because weakening of the endosperm tissue enclosing the radicle tip requires GA. To investigate genes that may be involved in endosperm weakening or embryo growth, differential cDNA display was used to identify mRNAs differentially expressed in gib-1 seeds imbibed in the presence or absence of GA(4+7). Among these was a GA-responsive mRNA encoding the 16-kD hydrophobic subunit c of the V(o) membrane sector of vacuolar H+-translocating ATPases (V-ATPase), which we termed LVA-P1. LVA-P1 mRNA expression in gib-1 seeds was dependent on GA and was particularly abundant in the micropylar region prior to radicle emergence. Both GA dependence and tissue localization of LVA-P1 mRNA expression were confirmed directly in individual gib-1 seeds using tissue printing. LVA-P1 mRNA was also expressed in wild-type seeds during development and germination, independent of exogenous GA. Specific antisera detected protein subunits A and B of the cytoplasmic V1 sector of the V-ATPase holoenzyme complex in gib-1 seeds only in the presence of GA, and expression was localized to the micropylar region. The results suggest that V-ATPase plays a role in GA-regulated germination of tomato seeds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1339-1347
Number of pages9
JournalPlant Physiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science


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