Validity of natural language processing for ascertainment of EGFR and ALK test results in SEER cases of stage IV non–small-cell lung cancer

Bernardo Haddock Lobo Goulart, Emily T. Silgard, Christina S. Baik, Aasthaa Bansal, Qin Sun, Eric B. Durbin, Isaac Hands, Darshil Shah, Susanne M. Arnold, Scott D. Ramsey, Ramakanth Kavuluru, Stephen M. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE SEER registries do not report results of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) mutation tests. To facilitate population-based research in molecularly defined subgroups of non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we assessed the validity of natural language processing (NLP) for the ascertainment of EGFR and ALK testing from electronic pathology (e-path) reports of NSCLC cases included in two SEER registries: the Cancer Surveillance System (CSS) and the Kentucky Cancer Registry (KCR). METHODS We obtained 4,278 e-path reports from 1,634 patients who were diagnosed with stage IV nonsquamous NSCLC from September 1, 2011, to December 31, 2013, included in CSS. We used 855 CSS reports to train NLP systems for the ascertainment of EGFR and ALK test status (reported v not reported) and test results (positive v negative). We assessed sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values in an internal validation sample of 3,423 CSS e-path reports and repeated the analysis in an external sample of 1,041 e-path reports from 565 KCR patients. Two oncologists manually reviewed all e-path reports to generate gold-standard data sets. RESULTS NLP systems yielded internal validity metrics that ranged from 0.95 to 1.00 for EGFR and ALK test status and results in CSS e-path reports. NLP showed high internal accuracy for the ascertainment of EGFR and ALK in CSS patients—F scores of 0.95 and 0.96, respectively. In the external validation analysis, NLP yielded metrics that ranged from 0.02 to 0.96 in KCR reports and F scores of 0.70 and 0.72, respectively, in KCR patients. CONCLUSION NLP is an internally valid method for the ascertainment of EGFR and ALK test information from e-path reports available in SEER registries, but future work is necessary to increase NLP external validity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalJCO clinical cancer informatics
Volume3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by American Society of Clinical Oncology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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