Validity of the Instrumented Push and Release Test to Quantify Postural Responses in Persons With Multiple Sclerosis

Mahmoud El-Gohary, Daniel Peterson, Geetanjali Gera, Fay B. Horak, Jessie M. Huisinga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Objective To test the validity of wearable inertial sensors to provide objective measures of postural stepping responses to the push and release clinical test in people with multiple sclerosis. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting University medical center balance disorder laboratory. Participants Total sample N=73; persons with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) n=52; healthy controls n=21. Main Outcome Measures Stepping latency, time and number of steps required to reach stability, and initial step length were calculated using 3 inertial measurement units placed on participants' lumbar spine and feet. Results Correlations between inertial sensor measures and measures obtained from the laboratory-based systems were moderate to strong and statistically significant for all variables: time to release (r=.992), latency (r=.655), time to stability (r=.847), time of first heel strike (r=.665), number of steps (r=.825), and first step length (r=.592). Compared with healthy controls, PwMS demonstrated a longer time to stability and required a larger number of steps to reach stability. Conclusions The instrumented push and release test is a valid measure of postural responses in PwMS and could be used as a clinical outcome measures for patient care decisions or for clinical trials aimed at improving postural control in PwMS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1325-1331
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine


  • Movement disorders
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation


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