Vanadate-Mediated Hydroxyl Radical Generation from Superoxide Radical in the Presence of NADH: Haber-Weiss vs Fenton Mechanism

Xianglin Shi, N. S. Dalal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mechanism of hydroxyl (·OH) radical generation from O2— and H2O2 by vanadate [V(V)] and the role of NADH in this reaction have been investigated using electron spin resonance (ESR) and spin trapping techniques. The results show that the reaction of V(V) with O2— (generated via xanthine/xanthine oxidase) does not generate any ESR detectable V(IV) ion or ·OH radical and the addition of H2O2 has little effect on the radical yield. In the presence of NADH, however, the xanthine/xanthine oxidase/V(V) system generates ·OH as well as V(IV), the formation of both of which could be suppressed by superoxide dismutase. Catalase inhibits the ·OH formation but enhances V(IV) generation. Reaction of V(V) with NADH alone in the presence of phosphate buffer also causes ·OH radical generation albeit at a much reduced rate, and superoxide dismutase reduces the ·OH yield. These observations indicate, in contrast to earlier reports, that O2— does not reduce V(V) to V(IV) in the absence of NADH. It is concluded that vanadate generates the ·OH radical via not a Haber-Weiss but a Fenton-like reaction [V(IV) + H2O2 → V(V) + ·OH + OH—], the V(IV) and H2O2 being generated by V(V)-stimulated, O2—-dependent NADH oxidation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-341
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume307
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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