Varicose Veins: Diagnosis, Management, and Treatment

Sylvia Zhang, Sheila Melander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Varicose veins are manifestations of chronic venous disease and affect over 20% of the United States adult population. The direct medical cost for chronic venous disease is estimated to be between $150 million and $1 billion annually in the US. Although usually thought to be no more than a cosmetic nuisance, varicose veins can be the source of more serious complications. This article is intended to aid the nurse practitioner in the diagnosis and treatment of varicose veins. Updated analysis of short- and long-term treatment outcomes from newer procedures are described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-424
Number of pages8
JournalJournal for Nurse Practitioners
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2014


  • Chronic venous disease
  • Conservative management of varicose veins
  • Endovenous thermal ablation
  • Lifestyle changes for varicose veins
  • Sclerotherapy
  • Varicose veins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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