Vascular and renal effects of dopamine during extracellular volume expansion: Role of nitric oxide pathway

María A. Costa, Rosana Elesgaray, Analía Loria, Ana María Balaszczuk, Cristina Arranz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the possible role of NO-system activation in vascular and renal effects of the dopaminergic system and the probable interaction between both systems during acute volume expansion in rats. Design and methods: Expanded (10% bw) and non-expanded anaesthetized male Wistar rats were treated with haloperidol, a DA receptor antagonist (3 mg/kg bw, ip). Mean arterial pressure, diuresis, natriuresis, renal plasma flow, glomerular filtration rate, nitrites and nitrates excretion (NOx) were determined. NADPH diaphorase activity was measured using a histochemistry technique in kidney, aorta and renal arteries. NOS activity in kidney and aorta from expanded and non-expanded animals was determined with l-[U 14C]-arginine substrate, in basal conditions and after DA (1 μM) administration. Results: The hypotensive effect of l-arg and hypertension induced by l-NAME were not modified by haloperidol. This blocker reverted the increase in diuresis, natriuresis and RPF induced by l-arg in both groups. Dopaminergic blockade induced a decrease in NOx excretion and in NADPH-diaphorase activity in glomeruli, proximal tubule and medullar collecting duct and in endothelium and vascular smooth muscle of renal arteries. DA induced an increase in NOS activity in renal medulla and cortex in both groups, but no changes in the aorta were observed. Conclusions: Our results suggest that renal DA would be associated with the renal response induced by NO during extracellular volume expansion. NO-system activation would be one of the mechanisms involved in renal DA activity during saline load, but NO appears not to be involved in DA vascular effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1543-1549
Number of pages7
JournalLife Sciences
Issue number14
StatePublished - Feb 28 2006

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was partially supported by grant B031 and B033 from the University of Buenos Aires and grant PIP-CONICET N°02445, IQUIMEFA-CONICET, Argentina. The authors thank Sandra Landín for secretarial work and Ana Borthwick for English language proofreading.


  • Arterial pressure
  • Dopamine
  • Kidney
  • Nitric oxide
  • Nitric oxide synthase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics (all)


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