Verbal self-correction behaviors of fluent and nonfluent aphasic subjects

Robert C. Marshall, Connie A. Tompkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

This investigation examined the use of six explicitly defined verbal self-correction behaviors by fluent and nonfluent aphasic subjects of high and low verbal ability, and by subjects further classified into six groups according to type of aphasia (Broca's, Anomic, Wernicke's etc.). Aphasic groups, on the average, generated some type of verbal self-correction effort on more than half of their initially erroneous responses, and the proportions of these efforts did not differ between aphasic patient groups. Significant differences in self-correction success were found, however, between groups classified according to fluency and severity, as well as among the six groups based on type of aphasia. In the former case, distinctions in self-correction skill favored high-verbal-ability groups regardless of fluency classification. In the latter instance, the subgroups typically formed by less severely impaired patients (Anomic and Broca's) had significantly higher proportions of successful self-correction behaviors than those comprised of individuals with more severe involvement (Wernicke's and Broca's plus severely limiting apraxia of speech). Between-group differences for specific types of self-correction behaviors occurred rarely, but those which were found could be related to characteristics of the particular aphasic groups under consideration. Verbal self-correction behavior is discussed as a behavioral reaction to an erroneous response or dissatisfaction with the quality of an intended response. These behaviors are viewed as indicators of the intactness of an aphasic individual's self-monitoring system, and of his tolerance for responses that are qualitatively limited by his verbal deficits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-306
Number of pages15
JournalBrain and Language
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1982

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Veterans Administration and the Research and Development Committee of the Veterans Administration Medical Center, Portland, OR. Requests for reprints may be sent to Robert C. Marshall, V. A. Medical Center (126), 3710 S. W. Veterans Hospital Rd., Portland, OR 97201. The authors appreciate the assistance of David S. Phillips with the statistical analyses of the data.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Speech and Hearing

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