Vibrating reed magnetometer studies of superconducting and magnetic materials

L. E. De Long, A. P. Kaphle, B. Farmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Applications of sensitive vibrating reed magnetometry to a variety of superconducting and magnetic materials are reviewed. The advantages of conducting vibrating reed studies of small single crystals, ceramics, thin films and multilayers with high anisotropy, composition gradients, strain and nonlinear magnetic response are documented. The equilibrium and dynamic properties of magnetic flux in superconductors, and coexistence of magnetic and superconducting states are emphasised. Vibrating reed experiments on Nb, NbSe2, (Ba0.6K0.4)BiO3, HoNi2B2C, {Nb(x)/Ni(y)}Z multilayer films, and κ-(ET)2Cu{N(CN)2}Br have revealed subtle, exotic superconducting behaviours that remain unexplained. Future prospects for vibrating reed measurements of ferromagnetic thin films with patterned nanostructures are considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1367-1413
Number of pages47
JournalPhilosophical Magazine
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 18 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, © 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


  • Measurements of magnetic anisotropy
  • magnetic measurements of ferromagnets
  • magnetic measurements of superconductors
  • magnetic measurements of thin-films and nanoscale materials
  • vibrating reed magnetometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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