Video Analysis and Professional Noticing in the Wild of Real Science Teacher Education Classes

Brett Criswell, Rebecca Krall, Samantha Ringl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Video analysis of teaching episodes is a widely-used approach in science teacher education. While numerous scholarly articles have been written on the topic, there are still many unanswered questions about the most effective strategies for integrating this approach into science teacher education. The current article adds to this area of inquiry by detailing the use of video analysis and reflection across a three-course sequence in an MAT program in secondary STEM education. The same instructor taught all three courses, and this instructor presents the affordances and constraints of the use of video analysis integrated with the professional noticing framework. A pair of researchers who collected data during the year-long implementation of this integrated approach share the outcomes from their perspective. Using ideas associated with distributed cognition from Hutchins’s Cognition in the Wild, the instructor and researchers show that most of the shortcomings with this integrated approach were a result of not effectively distributing knowledge across the different components of this system—including both humans and instruments. The authors specify how those shortcomings could be addressed by others seeking to replicate aspects of this integrated approach. They also show that, despite the missteps in helping the MAT candidates learn how to use video and the professional noticing framework to improve their pedagogy, the candidates did show evidence of achieving the ultimate goal of this effort: knowing how to analyze and articulate their own and others’ teaching practices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)531-554
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Science Teacher Education
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Márcio Catelan, Roger Bell, Ben Dorman, Poul Erik Nissen, and James E. Hesser for helpful remarks. We also than Peter B. Stetson for letting us use his excellent photometry software. F. G. gratefully acknowledges financial support from the Danish Natural Sciences Research Council. He also acknowledges the hospitality offered by the National Research Council of Canada, for making his stay at the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory possible. D. A. V. is grateful for the support of an Operating Grant from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.

Funding Information:
National Research Council of Canada, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, 5071 West Saanich Road, RR. 5, Victoria, British Columbia V8X 4M6, Canada; Frank.Grundahl@hia.nrc.ca DON A. VANDENBERG University of Victoria, Department of Physics and Astronomy, P.O. Box 3055, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6, Canada; davb@uvvm.uvic.ca AND MICHAEL I. ANDERSEN Nordic Optical Telescope, Apartado 474, E-38700 Santa Cruz de La Palma, La Palma, Spain; andersen@not.iac.es Received 1998 March 1; accepted 1998 April 27; published 1998 June 8

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Association for Science Teacher Education.

Keywords

  • Science teacher preparation
  • distributed cognition
  • professional noticing
  • reflective practitioner
  • video analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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