Rates of exposure to traumatic events are up to two times higher among people with substance use disorders (SUDs) compared to the US general population. Overdoses (OD) and overdose fatalities have continued to increase nationally and in Kentucky and are associated with elevated trauma symptoms. This paper examines the impacts of witnessing and experiencing OD among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) in Kentucky. Study participants were recruited via Respondent-Driven Sampling techniques supplemented with direct community outreach. Our findings showed that participants reporting past year severe mental health distress and lifetime violence exposure had higher odds of both witnessing and experiencing OD. Additionally, participants who reported early abuse had higher odds of both witnessing and experiencing OD as did participants with early onset injection drug use. The study findings suggest the need for incorporating knowledge about trauma into policies, procedures, and practices in treating SUD among PWID.
|Journal||Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2023|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2023 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
- Drug overdose
- trauma-informed care
- violence victimization
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health(social science)