Vitamin E as an antioxidant/free radical scavenger against amyloid β-peptide-induced oxidative stress in neocortical synaptosomal membranes and hippocampal neurons in culture: Insights into Alzheimer's disease

D. Allan Butterfield, Tanuja Koppal, Ram Subramaniam, Servet Yatin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

90 Scopus citations

Abstract

Amyloid β-peptide (Aβ), the major constituent in senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain, is thought by many researchers to be central to neurotoxicity in AD brain. Increasing evidence from many laboratories indicates that AD brain is under oxidative stress, with strong evidence of protein oxidation, lipid peroxidation, and peroxynitrite damage. A link between the central role of Aβ and oxidative stress in AD brain may be Aβ-associated free radical oxidative stress. If so, antioxidants such as vitamin E should modulate Aβ-induced oxidative damage and neurotoxicity in brain cells. This review summarizes studies of Aβ-associated free radical oxidative stress and its inhibition by vitamin E in cortical synaptosomal membranes and hippocampal neuronal cells in culture. Taken together with the recent report that vitamin E slows the progression of AD, this review strongly supports a central role of Aβ-associated free radical oxidative stress in neurotoxicity in AD brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-149
Number of pages9
JournalReviews in the Neurosciences
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid β-peptide
  • Free radicals
  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Oxidative stress
  • Protein oxidation
  • Vitamin E

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Vitamin E as an antioxidant/free radical scavenger against amyloid β-peptide-induced oxidative stress in neocortical synaptosomal membranes and hippocampal neurons in culture: Insights into Alzheimer's disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this