Weight loss in obese C57BL/6 mice limits adventitial expansion of established angiotensin II-induced abdominal aortic aneurysms

Sara B. Police, Kelly Putnam, Sean Thatcher, Frederique Batifoulier-Yiannikouris, Alan Daugherty, Lisa A. Cassis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies demonstrated that obesity increases inflammation in periaortic adipose tissue and promotes angiotensin II (ANG II)-induced abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). We sought to determine whether weight loss of obese C57BL/6 mice would influence the progression of established AAAs. Male C57BL/6 mice were fed a high-fat diet (HF) for 4 mo and then infused with either saline or ANG II (1,000 ng·kg-1·min-1) for 3 mo. Mice with dilated suprarenal aortas at 28 days of ANG II infusion were designated to groups fed the HF (HF/HF) or a low-fat diet (LF; 10% kcal as fat; HF/LF) to induce weight loss for the last 2 mo of infusions. Suprarenal aortic lumen diameters of obese mice were increased by ANG II infusion at day 28 (day 0: 1.03 ± 0.02; day 28: 1.86 ± 0.14 mm; P < 0.05), but did not progress with continued infusion in HF/HF mice. Moreover, aortic lumen diameters were not different between groups (HF/HF: 1.89 ± 0.15; HF/LF: 1.79 ± 0.18 mm). However, maximal diameters of excised AAAs were decreased with weight loss (HF/HF: 2.00 ± 0.11; HF/LF: 1.55 ± 0.13 mm; P < 0.05) and had reduced adventitial areas (HF/HF: 1.18 ± 0.10; HF/LF: 0.54 ± 0.02 mm2; P < 0.05). Neovascularization of aortic adventitias was strikingly decreased in HF/LF mice (HF/HF: 43 ± 5; HF/LF: 12 ± 2 endothelial cells/ adventitial area; P < 0.05). ANG II-induced elevations in adipose mRNA abundance of CD105, an adipose-derived stem cell marker, were abolished with weight loss. These results demonstrate that weight loss limits adventitial expansion of ANG II-induced AAAs. Reduced neovascularization from weight loss may limit progression of AAAs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H1932-H1938
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume298
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2010

Keywords

  • Adipose stem cells
  • Neovascularization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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