Aims: There is a lack of population studies evaluating the impact of bariatric surgery (BRS) on all-cause inpatient mortality. We sought to determine the impact of prior BRS on all-cause mortality and healthcare utilization in hospitalized patients. Methods: We analyzed the National Inpatient Sample database from 2007 to 2013. Participants were adult (≥ 18 years) inpatients admitted with a diagnosis of morbid obesity or a history of BRS. Propensity score-matched analyses were performed to compare mortality and healthcare resource utilization (hospital length of stay and cost). Results: There were 9,044,103 patient admissions with morbid obesity and 1,066,779 with prior BRS. A propensity score-matched cohort analysis demonstrated that prior BRS was associated with decreased mortality (OR = 0.58; 95% CI [0.54, 0.63]), shorter length of stay (0.59 days; P < 0.001), and lower hospital costs ($2152; P < 0.001) compared to morbid obesity. A subgroup of propensity score-matched analysis among patients with high-risk of mortality (leading ten causes of mortality in morbid obesity) revealed a consistently significant reduction in odds of mortality for patients with prior BRS (OR = 0.82; 95% CI [0.72, 0.92]). Conclusion and Relevance: Hospitalized patients with a history of BRS have lower all-cause mortality and healthcare resource utilization compared to those who are morbidly obese. These observations support the continued application of BRS as an effective and resource-conscious treatment for morbid obesity.
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding Information This work was funded in part by the Ohio State University College of Medicine Roessler Medical Student Research Scholarship (VR).
© 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
- Bariatric surgery
- Inpatient mortality
- Morbid obesity
- National inpatient sample
- Population database
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics