What is the Best Micro and Macro Dental Implant Topography?

Khalid Almas, Steph Smith, Ahmad Kutkut

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Implant surface micro and macro topography plays a key role in early osseointegration. The physicochemical features of the implant surface (ie, chemical composition, hydrophobicity/hydrophilicity and roughness) influence the deposition of extracellular matrix proteins, the precipitation of bone mineral, and the stimulation of cells. Modification of the implant topography provides better primary stability and faster osseointegration, allowing for immediate placement or immediate loading. Randomized clinical trials are warranted to compare the response of osseointegration with various implant micro and macro surface topographies in people with various local or systemic risk factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-460
Number of pages14
JournalDental Clinics of North America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.


  • Implant surface characteristics
  • Implant surface roughness
  • Implant topography
  • Implants biocompatibility
  • Macro topography
  • Micro topography
  • Nanorough implant surfaces
  • Osseointegration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry


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