Whether hurricane Katrina impacted trace metal and dioxin depositional histories in marshes of St. Louis Bay, Mississippi

Gopal Bera, Kevin M. Yeager, Alan M. Shiller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Salt marsh sediments generally undergo steady accumulation over time and thus are widely used to reconstruct the depositional histories of various anthropogenic contaminants derived from atmospheric and fluvial sources. Major hurricanes can significantly affect coastal landscapes by eroding and re-distributing sediment. Thus, each major hurricane can leave distinct signals in coastal wetland sediments. On the other hand, early-diagenetic remobilization of Fe and Mn in organic rich marsh sediment is a common phenomenon. However, remobilization of Fe and Mn across the redox boundary can induce remobilization of other trace elements and thus can disturb their depositional histories. Four short (~ 1 m) sediment cores were collected from the fringing marshes of St. Louis Bay, Mississippi (located ~ 30 km east of Hurricane Katrina's track) during 2010–2011 to investigate possible impacts of Hurricane Katrina (2005), and early-diagenetic remobilization of Fe and Mn, on trace metal and dioxin depositional histories in these sediments. Results from 210Pb, 137Cs, stable Cs, particulate organic carbon (POC), sediment bulk density and grain size indicate significant impact of hurricane event layers on anthropogenic stable Cs, while deposition profiles of V, Ni and Cr are impacted by Fe and Mn remobilization to a limited extent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-529
Number of pages13
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume624
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Coastal Impact Assistance Program through a grant from the Mississippi Department of Marine Resources ( MS.R.744 ), and by the Northern Gulf Institute ( 06-USM-03 ). We thank Kimberly Schindler, Jeremy Prouhet, Alyssa Jung, Xuri Wang, Joy Buck, Clayton Dike, Merritt Tuel and Mellisa Gilbert for their help during sampling and analysis. We are thankful for constructive critics from three anynomous reviewers.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Dioxin
  • Hurricane layer
  • Marsh cores
  • Metal deposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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