Quantification of variation for phenotypic traits within and among weed populations facilitate understanding of invasion mechanisms and management tactics. In the Pacific Northwest (PNW), USA, in response to climate change and to improve sustainability, producers are increasingly adopting broadleaf crops and cover crops, but Mayweed chamomile (Anthemis cotula L.) is a significant barrier to diversifying cropping systems because of its abundance and lack of herbicide options for its control. To quantify within-population phenotypic trait variation and heritability, plants (n = 300) from six half-sib families (i.e., seed source plants or mother plants) from each of 10 A. cotula populations (infested farms or sites) in the PNW were grown from seed through the flowering stage in the greenhouse common garden experiment. We measured percent seedling emergence, the initial date of flowering, flowering duration, plant biomass, number of flower heads, floral scent profiles, and other traits on individual plants. Trait variation was high among half-sib families within each population. For example, in two of the populations, percent seedling emergence within 30 days of planting ranged from 5 to 41% and 3 to 53%, respectively. As another example, initial date of flowering in two other populations ranged from 61 to 93 days and 58 to 92 days, respectively. Differences among half-sib families were greatest for flowering period, which differed by a month in most populations, and floral scent profiles. Heritability estimates were higher than 1.0 for most phenotypic traits, indicating that the study plants were more closely related than half-sibs (i.e., included full-sibs or products of selfing). These patterns of phenotypic trait variation are potentially caused by local edaphoclimatic factors and within-field farm management practices, suggesting that management of A. cotula might be challenging and differ within and across farms.
|Journal||Frontiers in Agronomy|
|State||Published - Feb 10 2021|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research is part of the LIT (Landscapes in Transition) project, supported by award #2017-68002-26819 and Hatch project 1017286 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Publication of this article was funded by the University of Idaho - Open Access Publishing Fund.
Copyright © 2021 Adhikari, Burke, Revolinski, Piaskowski and Eigenbrode.
- cropping system
- floral scent volatile
- half-sib family
- phenotypic trait
- selection pressure
- weed management
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Plant Science
- Soil Science